(English pronunciation: /roʊm/
, pronounced [ˈroːma]
) is the capital
and the country's largest and most populated municipality (central area), with over 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi), while the population of the urban area
to be 3.46 million.
of Rome is estimated by OECD
to have a population of 3.7 million.
It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula
, on the Tiber
river. The city has been one of history's most powerful and important centres, being the home of the emperor
during the Roman Empire
and the Italian government
. The city also has a significant place in Christianity
and is the present day home of the Roman Catholic Church
and the site of the Vatican City
, an independent city-state run by the Catholic Church.
Due to this, the city has often been nicknamed "Caput Mundi
for "Capital of the World")
and "The Eternal City
". Also, Rome is widely regarded as one of the world's most beautiful ancient cities